Saturday, September 28, 2019
Compare the Presentation of Change in Yeats”Sailing to Byzantium’
Compare the presentation of change in YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ Both of YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ poems express his opinions and viewpoint of the changes in society and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs. Through the poem Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ Yeats highlights his belief that the twentieth century had seen the beginning of a new darker era, full of violence and struggles for independence and the effects of the Great War. The second poem Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ expresses YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ observations of old age and the comforting idea of travelling to Byzantium.Through the poem Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ reflects more than just society and politics within Ireland, but expresses YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ turn of attention towards larger scale graphical and spiritual events such as The Great War in 1919. The Christian idea of the Ã¢â¬ËSecond comingÃ¢â¬â¢ that Christ would return is featured as the centre pin to YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ poem a s questions what has become of his present day society, and how it had mutated and evolved from the more traditional, biblical times featured in religious stories and beliefs.The poem showcases YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ acute understanding that a potentially dark time is ahead. The poem Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ features the theme of aging, a popular writing topic of YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ also used in other poems such as Ã¢â¬ËWild Swans at CooleÃ¢â¬â¢. The idea of escaping the unaccommodating world and society of youth, and journeying to a calm Island of Byzantium appears a comforting thought. The poem written in when Yeats was around 60 years old provides insight into his thoughts of what it means to be old. The Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ contains links between how Yeats views society and the birth of Christ and the belief he would return. The first stanza of the poem contains imagery of violence and a lack of order. The phrase Ã¢â¬Ëmere anarchyÃ¢â¬â¢ highlights the main subject of the po em, the loss of a culture or civilisation, this dark imagery is used throughout the poem, Ã¢â¬Ë Things fall apart; the centre cannot holdÃ¢â¬â¢ implies that the things at the heart of YeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ modern culture are literary and metaphorically broken.This change is described using natural imager of water; Ã¢â¬Ëthe blood-dimmed tideÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëthe ceremony of innocence is drownedÃ¢â¬â¢ create a sense of fear as the natural power of water is uncontrollable, like the change Yeats is experiencing in the society of his time. This idea that the current society is not appropriate is shared in Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ as it is explained that it is Ã¢â¬Ëno country for old menÃ¢â¬â¢ and that Ã¢â¬Ëan aged man is but a paltry thingÃ¢â¬â¢, both phrases express the feeling of being out of place and unwanted ue to aging. Through the development of imagery such as Ã¢â¬Ë the salmon- fallÃ¢â¬â¢ evoke the energy of youth whilst later Ã¢â¬Ë a dying animalÃ¢â¬â ¢ contrast youth with age allowing Yeats to highlight the change from youth to experience with age. In the poem Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ Yeats uses the line Ã¢â¬Ë the falcon cannot hear the falconerÃ¢â¬â¢ to give the worrying sense that nature is inverted and things are not as they should be, triggered by the coming change at the birth of a new era.The lines Ã¢â¬ËThe best lack all conviction, while the worst are full of passionate intensityÃ¢â¬â¢, built on opposites Ã¢â¬Ëbest and worstÃ¢â¬â¢ again support the theme that the change has inverted life for the worst. The religious imagery of the birth of the Ã¢â¬Ërough beastÃ¢â¬â¢, as it Ã¢â¬Ëslouches towards BethlehemÃ¢â¬â¢ lacks an hint of human qualities, making it a stark contrast to the biblical, gentle saviour of Christ, but as a dehumanised monster. The use of stark contrast is also used within Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ between the differences of being young and old, Ã¢â¬Ëthe young in one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s armsÃ¢â¬â¢ carefree and Ã¢â¬Ësick with desireÃ¢â¬â¢ of an aged man jealous of the youthful.The word Ã¢â¬ËgyreÃ¢â¬â¢ in both poems is used as a common link to highlight to the reader that the changes occurring in both Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ are unavoidable and uncontrollable. While the technique of alliteration, Ã¢â¬ËBethlehem to be bornÃ¢â¬â¢ in Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ supports the momentum and inevitability of change and the new era. Also Ã¢â¬ËFish, flesh, or fowlÃ¢â¬â¢ in Ã¢â¬ËSailing to ByzantiumÃ¢â¬â¢ has a powerful effect as it recaptures all fish, youth and birds and brings them once again to the attention of the reader, as these three species are examples of youth and support the change experienced by the old.In conclusion through both poems Yeats expresses different types of change and the extent they have on people and society. While in Ã¢â¬ËThe Second ComingÃ¢â¬â¢ Yeats fo cuses on the worrying and almost threatening change in society through the twentieth century he highlights the also worrying, for different reason, inevitability of aging and the want to escape from the struggles of modern, youth controlled society.